Learning and Testing Junta Distributions

Wednesday, June 15, 2016 - 4:00pm to 4:30pm
Maryam Aliakbarpour

Abstract: We consider the problem of learning distributions in the presence of irrelevant features. This problem is formalized by introducing a new notion of k-junta distributions. Informally, a distribution D over the domain X^n is a k-junta distribution with respect to another distribution U over the same domain if there is a set J \subseteq [n] of size |J| \le k that captures the difference between D and U.

We show that it is possible to learn k-junta distributions with respect to the uniform distribution over the Boolean hypercube {0,1}^n in time poly(n^k, 1/\epsilon). This result is obtained via a new Fourier-based learning algorithm inspired by the Low-Degree Algorithm of Linial, Mansour, and Nisan (1993).

We also consider the problem of testing whether an unknown distribution is a k-junta distribution with respect to the uniform distribution. We give a nearly-optimal algorithm for this task. Both the analysis of the algorithm and the lower bound showing its optimality are obtained by establishing connections between the problem of testing junta distributions and testing uniformity of weighted collections of distributions.

This is a joint work with Eric Blais and Ronitt Rubinfeld.