Yilei Chen: Constraint-hiding constrained PRFs for NC1 from LWE

Friday, March 10, 2017 - 10:30am to 12:00pm
Hewlett G882
Yilei Chen, BU
Constraint-hiding constrained PRFs (CHCPRFs), initially studied by Boneh, Lewi and Wu, are constrained PRFs where the constrained key hides the description of the constraint. Envisioned with powerful applications such as searchable encryption, private-detectable watermarking and symmetric deniable encryption, the only known candidates of CHCPRFs are based on indistinguishability obfuscation or multilinear maps with strong security properties.
In this talk I will present a construction of CHCPRF for all NC1 circuits based on the Learning with Errors assumption. The construction draws heavily from the graph-induced multilinear maps by Gentry, Gorbunov and Halevi, as well as the existing lattice-based PRFs. In fact, our construction can be viewed as an instance of the GGH15 approach where security can be reduced to LWE.
We also show how to build from CHCPRFs reusable garbled circuits (RGC), or equivalently private-key function-hiding functional encryptions with 1-key security. This provides a different approach of constructing RGC from that of Goldwasser et al. [STOC 2013].
Based on joint work with Ran Canetti.