Reef: Fast Succinct Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Regex Proofs

Thursday, November 16, 2023 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Sebastian Angel
In this talk I will go over Reef, a system for generating publicly verifiable succinct non-interactive zero-knowledge proofs that a committed document matches or does not match a regular expression. We describe applications such as proving the strength of passwords, the provenance of email despite redactions, the validity of oblivious DNS queries, and the existence of mutations in DNA. Reef supports the Perl Compatible Regular Expression syntax, including wildcards, alternation, ranges, capture groups, Kleene star, negations, and lookarounds. Reef introduces a new type of automata, Skipping Alternating Finite Automata (SAFA), that skips irrelevant parts of a document when producing proofs without undermining soundness, and instantiates SAFA with a lookup argument. Our experimental evaluation confirms that Reef can efficiently generate proofs for documents with as many as 32M characters; these proofs are small and not expensive to verify (hundreds of milliseconds).