Zeev Dvir, Private Information Retrieval with 2-Servers and sub-polynomial communication

Tuesday, October 7, 2014 - 4:15pm to 5:15pm
Light Refreshments
MIT (Stata Center, Hewlett room, 32-G882)
Zeev Dvir, Assistant Professor, Princeton University. Dept. Computer Science and Mathematics
Abstract: A 2-server Private Information Retrieval (PIR) scheme allows a user to retrieve the i'th bit of an n-bit database replicated among two servers (which do not communicate) while not revealing any information about i to either server. The privacy of the user is information theoretic and does not rely on any cryptographic assumptions. In this work we construct a new 2-server PIR scheme with total communication cost sub-polynomial in n. This improves over the currently known 2-server protocols which require n^{1/3} communication and matches the communication cost of known 3-server PIR schemes. Our improvement comes from reducing the number of servers in existing protocols, based on Matching Vector Codes, from 3 or 4 servers to 2. This is achieved by viewing these protocols in an algebraic way (using polynomial interpolation) and extending them using partial derivatives.
Joint work with Shivakanth Gopi (Princeton)