Ron Rothblum: Local Proofs Approaching the Witness Length

Friday, April 2, 2021 - 1:00pm to 2:30pm
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Ron Rothblum

Interactive oracle proofs (IOPs) are a hybrid between interactive proofs and PCPs. In an IOP, the prover is allowed to interact with a verifier (like in an interactive proof) by sending relatively long messages to the verifier, who in turn is only allowed to query a few of the bits that were sent (like in a PCP). IOPs have become a central tool for the construction of efficient proof-systems.

For any NP relation for which membership can be decided in polynomial-time and bounded polynomial space (e.g., SAT, Hamiltonicity, Clique, Vertex-Cover, etc.) and for any constant \gamma>0, we construct an IOP with communication complexity (1+\gamma) \cdot n, where n is the original witness length. The number of rounds as well as the number of queries made by the IOP verifier are constant.

Joint work with Noga Ron-Zewi